Author Topic: Macchariya (Stingyness, Selfishness, Envy)  (Read 133 times)

Offline Samana Johann

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Macchariya (Stingyness, Selfishness, Envy)
« on: September 14, 2017, 07:42:38 am »
Quote
Macchariya Suttas: Stinginess

AN 5.254: MACCHARIYA SUTTA — STINGINESS (1)

"Monks, there are these five forms of stinginess. Which five? Stinginess as to one's monastery [lodgings], stinginess as to one's family [of supporters], stinginess as to one's gains, stinginess as to one's status, and stinginess as to the Dhamma. These are the five forms of stinginess. And the meanest of these five is this: stinginess as to the Dhamma."

AN 5.255: MACCHARIYA SUTTA — STINGINESS (2)

"With the abandoning and eradication of the five forms of stinginess, the holy life is fulfilled. Which five?

"With the abandoning and eradication of stinginess as to one's monastery [lodgings], the holy life is fulfilled. With the abandoning and eradication of stinginess as to one's family [of supporters] ... stinginess as to one's gains ... stinginess as to one's status ... stinginess as to the Dhamma, the holy life is fulfilled.

"With the abandoning and eradication of these five forms of stinginess, the holy life is fulfilled."

AN 5.256: MACCHARIYA SUTTA — STINGINESS (3)

"Without abandoning these five qualities, one is incapable of entering & remaining in the first jhana. Which five? Stinginess as to one's monastery [lodgings], stinginess as to one's family [of supporters], stinginess as to one's gains, stinginess as to one's status, and stinginess as to the Dhamma. Without abandoning these five qualities, one is incapable of entering & remaining in the first jhana.

"With the abandoning of these five qualities, one is capable of entering & remaining in the first jhana. Which five? Stinginess as to one's monastery [lodgings]... one's family [of supporters]... one's gains... one's status, and stinginess as to the Dhamma. With the abandoning of these five qualities, one is capable of entering & remaining in the first jhana."

AN 5.257-263: MACCHARIYA SUTTAS — STINGINESS (4)
"Without abandoning these five qualities, one is incapable of entering & remaining in the second jhana... the third jhana ... the fourth jhana; incapable of realizing the fruit of stream-entry... the fruit of once-returning... the fruit of non-returning... arahantship. Which five? Stinginess as to one's monastery [lodgings]... one's family [of supporters]... one's gains... one's status, and stinginess as to the Dhamma. Without abandoning these five qualities, one is incapable of entering & remaining in the second jhana... the third jhana... the fourth jhana; one is incapable realizing the fruit of stream-entry... the fruit of once-returning... the fruit of non-returning... arahantship.

"With the abandoning of these five qualities, one is capable of entering & remaining in the second jhana... the third jhana... the fourth jhana; capable of realizing the fruit of stream-entry... the fruit of once-returning... the fruit of non-returning... arahantship. Which five? Stinginess as to one's monastery [lodgings]... one's family [of supporters]... one's gains... one's status, and stinginess as to the Dhamma. With the abandoning of these five qualities, one is capable of entering & remaining in the second jhana... the third jhana... the fourth jhana; capable realizing the fruit of stream-entry... the fruit of once-returning... the fruit of non-returning... arahantship."

AN 5.264: MACCHARIYA SUTTA — STINGINESS (5)

"Without abandoning these five qualities, one is incapable of entering & remaining in the first jhana. Which five? Stinginess as to one's monastery [lodgings], stinginess as to one's family [of supporters], stinginess as to one's gains, stinginess as to one's status, and ingratitude. Without abandoning these five qualities, one is incapable of entering & remaining in the first jhana.

"With the abandoning of these five qualities, one is capable of entering & remaining in the first jhana..."

AN 5.265-271: MACCHARIYA SUTTA — STINGINESS (6)
"Without abandoning these five qualities, one is incapable of entering & remaining in the second jhana... the third jhana... the fourth jhana; incapable of realizing the fruit of stream-entry... the fruit of once-returning... the fruit of non-returning... arahantship. Which five? Stinginess as to one's monastery [lodgings], stinginess as to one's family [of supporters], stinginess as to one's gains, stinginess as to one's status, and ingratitude. Without abandoning these five qualities, one is incapable of entering & remaining in the second jhana... the third jhana... the fourth jhana; one is incapable realizing the fruit of stream-entry... the fruit of once-returning... the fruit of non-returning... arahantship.

"With the abandoning of these five qualities, one is capable of entering & remaining in the second jhana... the third jhana... the fourth jhana; capable of realizing the fruit of stream-entry... the fruit of once-returning... the fruit of non-returning... arahantship...


Quote
Macchariya (Selfishness, Envy)
one of the 10 unwholesome mindstates, shared within Abhidhamma in daily life


Selfishness or envy, unwholesome mental factor is called macchariya. Nowadays some persons are reluctant to give alms or charity to others. This is mistaken to be macchariya. But actually macchariya means wishing other persons to get nothing. They are jealous of others. They do not want to see others acquiring wealth. Stinginess is just attachment to money and property, and merely lobha (greed). In the case of macchariya, it means a jealous outlook, not wanting others having promotion, money, fame, beauty, etc. In the Pitaka, mention is made of five categories of mac-chariya: -

a. Avasa Macchariya is macchariya concerning house, dwelling, monasteries, schools, beds, etc. In the case of monks, some do not want visiting monks to reside in the monasteries they came to possess. But preventing bad monks en-tering their places does not amount to macchariya. The acts of selfishly pre-venting others from getting something is macchariya. Those monks who have avasa macchariya will be reborn in their very abode as peta (hungry ghosts) or reborn in Niriya (hell).

b. Kula Macchariya is jealousy as regards donors and relatives, etc. Some monks do not want to let their regular donors to support other monks except himself. But to prevent evil monks making acquaintance with one's friends and relatives is not kula macchariya, because evil monks can contaminate their faith and morals. Kula macchariya, jealousy burns the viscera when one sees one's relative in the company of other people causing internal hemorrhage and diarrhea. Or such a person will be in impecunious circumstances in the next ex-istence.
 
 c. Labha Macchariya based on material gain. There are people who do not want anyone to prosper except themselves. Such ill will is labha macchariya. But to prevent bad monks from getting requisites, which they will put to bad use, and to wish good monks to receive them is not labha macchariya. Those who have labha macchariya will be reborn in filthy hell and will have to eat filth.

d. Vanna Macchariya based on beauty and fame. This form of jealousy does not want others to be more beautiful or more famous than oneself. Such a person becomes an ugly person in forthcoming existences in samsara. He also will be denied of fame.

e. Dhamma Macchariya is macchariya based on learning, education, or know-ledge. Thus a person will not impart knowledge or information to others is guilt of Dhamma macchariya. Such people fear that others may excel them in learning and refuse to answer questions. They do not teach others willingly. But to deny teaching malicious person who will misuse knowledge does not amount to Dhamma macchariya because such persons will ruin the Buddha's Teaching. He who feels Dhamma macchariya will be reborn a dumb person or an idiot. When he dies he will be penalized in the hell of burning ash.


And how can stinginess be overcome?

By right view.

And how can right view be gained?

By practicing Dana and complete the parmi, perfection.

And what is required to be able to practice Dana to it's perfection?

Overcoming the hindrences.

And how does one overcome the hindrences?

By developing Saddha, faith at first place.

And how is faith gained?

By associating with admirable friends, joyfull in generosity, sharing merits, supporting their benefactors, speaking in praise of going forth, people free of stinginess in possible all regards.

For it's the basic outwardly requirement, the whole holly life, to be in a relation with admirable friends.

Anumodana!
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Offline Solodris

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Re: Macchariya (Stingyness, Selfishness, Envy)
« Reply #1 on: September 14, 2017, 10:49:04 am »
It's strange how the mind sometimes have an instinct to behave as if it has been possessed by something.

Right intention feels to be in line with the compassionate drive to simply nurture healthy behavior.
« Last Edit: September 16, 2017, 05:40:28 am by Solodris »

Offline Samana Johann

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Re: Macchariya (Stingyness, Selfishness, Envy)
« Reply #2 on: September 17, 2017, 05:07:20 pm »
Not really. As good presented in right effort:

Quote
Abandon the unskillful, develop the skillful

"Abandon what is unskillful, monks. It is possible to abandon what is unskillful. If it were not possible to abandon what is unskillful, I would not say to you, 'Abandon what is unskillful.' But because it is possible to abandon what is unskillful, I say to you, 'Abandon what is unskillful.' If this abandoning of what is unskillful were conducive to harm and pain, I would not say to you, 'Abandon what is unskillful.' But because this abandoning of what is unskillful is conducive to benefit and pleasure, I say to you, 'Abandon what is unskillful.'

"Develop what is skillful, monks. It is possible to develop what is skillful. If it were not possible to develop what is skillful, I would not say to you, 'Develop what is skillful.' But because it is possible to develop what is skillful, I say to you, 'Develop what is skillful.' If this development of what is skillful were conducive to harm and pain, I would not say to you, 'Develop what is skillful.' But because this development of what is skillful is conducive to benefit and pleasure, I say to you, 'Develop what is skillful.'"

— AN 2.19

Abandoning the wrong factors of the path

"One tries to abandon wrong view & to enter into right view: This is one's right effort...

"One tries to abandon wrong resolve & to enter into right resolve: This is one's right effort...

"One tries to abandon wrong speech & to enter into right speech: This is one's right effort...

"One tries to abandon wrong action & to enter into right action: This is one's right effort...

"One tries to abandon wrong livelihood & to enter into right livelihood: This is one's right effort."

— MN 117


And wiser tend wrong view of demanting generally:

Quote
dhp

Regard him as one who
      points out
      treasure,
the wise one who
seeing your faults
      rebukes you.
Stay with this sort of sage.
For the one who stays
with a sage of this sort,
      things get better,
      not worse.

Let him admonish, instruct,
   deflect you
away from poor manners.
To the good, he's endearing;
to the bad, he's not.
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