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A Mosaic of Traditions - One Virtual Sangha => The Dharma Express => Topic started by: Samana Johann on August 31, 2017, 07:57:25 am

Title: The great buddhist ancestor festival - share ways of your country, tradition
Post by: Samana Johann on August 31, 2017, 07:57:25 am
Ven. Members of the Sangha, Ven. Fellows, valued Upasaka, Upasika, dear readers and interested,

In some days, this year 19-21. Sept., here in Cambodia, dedicated for the ancestors, sharing merits, and making sacrifies, will take place (Pchum Pen ( - transl: meeting to make merits). It's maybe similar to what is know as the "All Saints, All Souls' Day" days ("Halloween" as for those not familar with older traditions).

"All" people, families, would use this days to offer food to the monks in dedication for their families departed family members of seven generations (see Tirokudda Kanda: Hungry Shades Outside the Walls (, since "less are those not be reborn in hell, in a animal womb or as hungry ghost, leaving a human existence", and sacrifies to the death are praised by the Buddha and wise.

May person thought it would be interesting of how similar occations are celerbrated in other traditional Buddist countries, and Dhamma-Vinayas side-traditions.

Maybe some like to give overviews, infos of their own knowing and doing and inspirations.

Where? When? How? Special costums? (Maybe) Special relations to certain texts of the tradition?

Boun Khao Padap Din (in Laos)
Mataka danes (in Sri Lanka)
Sat Thai (in Thailand)
Ghost Festival (in China)
Tết Trung Nguyên (in Vietnam)
Obon (in Japan)
Baekjung (in Korea)

And yes, don't forget you ancestors!

For possible arising questions, if all new:

- [Q&A] Hungry ghosts and food offerings to the dead (,8191.0.html)
- [Q&A] How can merit be transferred? (,8192.0.html)
Title: Re: The great buddhist ancestor festival - share ways of your country, tradition
Post by: Samana Johann on September 04, 2017, 05:02:19 pm
Today, full moon Uposatha, is the Beginning of the 14/15days observing doing merits for ancestors here in Cambodia.

The fullmoon Uposatha  marks the Beginning of the 14/15 days "Pchom Pen " observing (kan, from khan(dhā), hold, hold up, stick to; pen, or bon, from puñña collect, merits), till the final big festifal. Starting from this day people in Cambodia would frequent the monasteries to dedicate food for their ancestors and beloved lost family members.

May all of you use this Uposatha day to meet the monks, may all of you have the "luck" being able to meet the great field of merits and may all of you find the right effort to dispell defilements who could make you missing possible seldom chances.

Title: Re: The great buddhist ancestor festival - share ways of your country, tradition
Post by: Samana Johann on October 01, 2017, 11:44:23 pm
Christian access:

All Souls' Day (

In Christianity, All Souls' Day commemorates All Souls, the Holy Souls, or the Faithful Departed; that is, the souls of Christians who have died. Observing Christians typically remember deceased relatives on the day.[2][3] In Western Christianity the annual celebration is now held on 2 November and is associated with the three days of Allhallowtide, including All Saints' Day (1 November) and its vigil, Halloween (31 October).[4]

Origins, practices and purposes

Some believe that the origins of All Souls' Day in European folklore and folk belief are related to customs of ancestor veneration[32] practiced worldwide, through events such as, in India Pitru Paksha, the Chinese Ghost Festival, the Japanese Bon Festival. The Roman custom was that of the Lemuria.[33]

The formal commemoration of the saints and martyrs (All Saints' Day) existed in the early Christian church since its legalization, and alongside that developed a day for commemoration of all the dead (All Souls' Day). The modern date of All Souls' Day was first popularized in the early eleventh century after Abbot Odilo established it as a day for the monks of Cluny and associated monasteries to pray for the souls in purgatory.[34]

Many of these European traditions reflect the dogma of purgatory. For example, ringing bells for the dead was believed to comfort them in their cleansing there, while the sharing of soul cakes with the poor helped to buy the dead a bit of respite from the suffering of purgatory. In the same way, lighting candles was meant to kindle a light for the dead souls languishing in the darkness. Out of this grew the traditions of "going souling" and the baking of special types of bread or cakes.[35]

In Tirol, cakes are left for them on the table and the room kept warm for their comfort. In Brittany, people flock to the cemeteries at nightfall to kneel, bareheaded, at the graves of their loved ones, and to anoint the hollow of the tombstone with holy water or to pour libations of milk on it. At bedtime, the supper is left on the table for the souls.[26]

In Bolivia, many people believe that the dead eat the food that is left out for them.[citation needed] In Brazil people attend a Mass or visit the cemetery taking flowers to decorate their relatives' grave, but no food is involved.[citation needed]

In Malta many people make pilgrimages to graveyards, not just to visit the graves of their dead relatives, but to experience the special day in all its significance. Visits are not restricted to this day alone. During the month of November, Malta's cemeteries are frequented by families of the departed. Mass is also said throughout the month, with certain Catholic parishes organising special events at cemetery chapels.[citation needed]

In Linz, funereal musical pieces known as aequales were played from tower tops on All Soul's Day and the evening before.[36]

Halloween or Hallowe'en  (

(a contraction of All Hallows' Evening),[5] also known as Allhalloween,[6] All Hallows' Eve,[7] or All Saints' Eve,[8] is a celebration observed in a number of countries on October 31, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows' Day. It begins the three-day observance of Allhallowtide,[9] the time in the liturgical year dedicated to remembering the dead, including saints (hallows), martyrs, and all the faithful departed.[10][11]

General access:

Veneration of the dead (

The veneration of the dead, including one's ancestors, is based on love and respect for the deceased. In some cultures, it is related to beliefs that the dead have a continued existence, and may possess the ability to influence the fortune of the living. Some groups venerate their direct, familial ancestors; some faith communities, in particular the Catholic Church, venerate saints as intercessors with God, as well as praying for and to departed souls in Purgatory.

In Europe, Asia, and Oceania, and in some African and Afro-Diasporic cultures, the goal of ancestor veneration is to ensure the ancestors' continued well-being and positive disposition towards the living, and sometimes to ask for special favours or assistance. The social or non-religious function of ancestor veneration is to cultivate kinship values, such as filial piety, family loyalty, and continuity of the family lineage. Ancestor veneration occurs in societies with every degree of social, political, and technological complexity, and it remains an important component of various religious practices in modern times.

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