Author Topic: The Six Paramitas and the Eightfold Path  (Read 622 times)

Online IdleChater

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Re: The Six Paramitas and the Eightfold Path
« Reply #15 on: May 26, 2017, 07:48:40 am »
Though I practice Pure Land practices, I don't consider myself exclusively a Pure Land Buddhist. In countries like China and Vietnam, it's rare that Pure Land Buddhism is seen as its own distinct sect. Instead, there's more of a general Mahayana Buddhism, in which Pure Land practices might be popular, but within the framework of practicing the Bodhisattva path.

Quite right.

We can find various pure land practices within Tibetan Buddhism as well. Amitabha and Avalokiteshvara sadhanas are two.

Offline Dharma Flower

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Re: The Six Paramitas and the Eightfold Path
« Reply #16 on: June 03, 2017, 02:04:57 am »
The Lotus Sutra promises that all who vow to attain Buddhahood for the sake of all beings will ultimately attain Buddhahood, no matter how many lifetimes it takes. If you practice being kinder and more compassionate here and now, the rest will follow.

Below are the steps to attain Buddhahood, in following the Bodhisattva path:

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To become a Buddha, one has to cultivate the Bodhisattva path. The main practices for the Bodhisattva path are the six perfections and the three sets of precepts:

The Six Perfections

1. Giving: to give money, Dharma, and fearlessness

2. Keeping the precepts: to do no evil and to do all good

3. Patience: to endure and tolerate that which is difficult to endure, and to do that which is difficult to do

4. Diligence: to go forward bravely, undaunted by obstacles

5. Meditative concentration: to fix the mind unwaveringly on one object

6. Wisdom: to have limpid, shining insight into oneself and others.

The Three Sets of Precepts

1. To uphold all the pure precepts, without exception

2. To cultivate all good qualities, without exception

3. To deliver all sentient beings, without exception

By invoking the supreme vow of great Bodhi-mind, great compassion, and the wisdom of emptiness, and passing through three immeasurable kalpas, one may attain the goal of Buddhahood…

The shared vows are made by all Buddhas; namely, the Four Great Vows: “To deliver innumerable sentient beings, to cut off endless vexations, to master limitless approaches to the Dharma, and to attain supreme Buddhahood.”
http://www.108wisdom.org/html/OTH_03.pdf

Offline Dharma Flower

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Re: The Six Paramitas and the Eightfold Path
« Reply #17 on: June 06, 2017, 02:59:25 am »
Mahayana Buddhism teaches that one’s attainment of enlightenment is dependent on the desire to enlighten all other beings. If you develop the mind of Bodhicitta, the desire to attain Buddhahood for the sake of all other beings, then you will ultimately attain Buddhahood, no matter how many lifetimes it takes. Why is this?

The simple answer is the doctrine of dependent origination, one of the oldest and must fundamental Buddhist teachings:

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Pratītyasamutpāda (Sanskrit: प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद; Pali: पटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda), commonly translated as dependent origination, or dependent arising, states that all dharmas (“things”) arise in dependence upon other dharmas: “if this exists, that exists; if this ceases to exist, that also ceases to exist.” It is a pragmatic teaching, which is applied to dukkha (suffering, unease) and the cessation of dukkha.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prat%C4%ABtyasamutp%C4%81da

If all causes of suffering are dependent on other causes of suffering, then one’s liberation from suffering is mutually dependent on the liberation from suffering of all other beings. This is why Arahants, those who’ve attained liberation only for themselves, have only seen part of the Ultimate Truth, they’ve failed to grasp the fullest meaning of dependent origination, and therefore they’ve only been enlightened in a partial sense.

Why does Avalokitesvara have a thousand arms? Perhaps because she deeply sees her own liberation as dependent on saving as many other beings as possible from suffering. Self-giving is first among the Six Paramitas, the six factors which lead to the attainment of full Buddhahood:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C4%81ramit%C4%81#Mah.C4.81y.C4.81na_Buddhism

Offline Dharma Flower

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Re: The Six Paramitas and the Eightfold Path
« Reply #18 on: June 08, 2017, 03:51:59 am »
The Lotus Sutra calls itself the King of the Sutras, and it’s been regarded as such throughout East Asian history, because of how captivatingly it summarizes the meaning and intent of the Buddha’s teachings.

The sutra itself is about three hundred pages, and its mythical embellishments might cause a reader to miss its deeper meaning and purpose. This is why the following passage of the Lotus Sutra is so important:

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Thereupon the Bhagavat, wanting to elaborate on the meaning of this further, spoke these verses…
The Buddha, knowing the minds of his children
And their past conduct, taught the Six Perfections (Paramitas)
And various transcendent powers
Through incalculably numerous explanations
And various illustrations.
Explaining the true teaching
And the path to be practiced by the Bodhisattvas,
He taught this Lotus Sutra in verses
Equal in number to the sands of the Ganges River.
http://www.bdk.or.jp/document/dgtl-dl/dBET_T0262_LotusSutra_2007.pdf


From the mouth of the Buddha himself, we see that the Buddha’s purpose in teaching the Lotus Sutra was to train Bodhisattvas in the Six Paramitas, the six essential elements in the path to full Buddhahood:

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Dāna pāramitā: generosity, the attitude of giving
Śīla pāramitā : virtue, morality, discipline, proper conduct
Kṣānti (kshanti) pāramitā : patience, tolerance, forbearance, acceptance, endurance
Vīrya pāramitā : energy, diligence, vigor, effort
Dhyāna pāramitā : one-pointed concentration, contemplation
Prajñā pāramitā : wisdom, insight
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhist_Paths_to_liberation


When the Buddha of the Lotus Sutra teaches there is only One Vehicle to Buddhahood, this is a reference to the Bodhisattva path. All beings have the potential to attain Buddhahood through Bodhisattva practices.

The Lotus Sutra promises that all who aspire to Buddhahood for the sake of all other beings, and who put its recommendations into practice, will attain full Buddhahood, no matter how many lifetimes it takes.

Offline Spiny Norman

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Re: The Six Paramitas and the Eightfold Path
« Reply #19 on: June 09, 2017, 01:34:51 am »
For a Mahayana Buddhist, the Six Paramitas are where the rubber meets the road, which are more or less equivalent to the Eightfold Path of Theravada Buddhism:

It's also interesting to compare the Paramitas to the 7 factors of enlightenment:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Factors_of_Enlightenment

Offline AlwaysDayAfterYesterday

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Re: The Six Paramitas and the Eightfold Path
« Reply #20 on: June 18, 2017, 06:48:24 pm »
​In the Lotus Sutra, the Buddha explains his past life as Bodhisattva Never Disparaging. What this story tells us is that we ultimately attain Buddhahood through showing kindness to others, even in the face of adversity and harsh circumstances, rather than by scriptural knowledge.

It is only by humbling the ego-self that the Buddha within can shine through. Anyone who teaches that we can be mean and callous our entire lives, willfully ignoring the example of Bodhisattva Never Disparaging, and somehow attain Buddhahood anyway, is not teaching the Dharma.

http://www.rk-world.org/publications/lotussutra_B20.html


But how did Bodhisattva Never Disparaging attain this?  Certainly not through the willfull, self-driven excercise of mundane kindness.  Rather it arose from a profund realization of emptiness and 3-fold purity.


Many people never connect the words meditation, practice and posture with their truest meaning.  Here in Tamas, we are all suffering in time (Rajas).  Sattva both means the Being themselves and Truth, or the location in the Triloka where our mind resides.  Suffering is necessity, or the perquisite to removal of the same.  To reach a locked position in Sattva, we must first realize our position in the lower six realms.  In Zen, this is the essence of three buffalo.  One Buffalo raises its head out of the mud, with horns showing.  This is the Tamas mind of hindrance.  A Water Buffalo enters the stream (Rajas) and meditates, which is the definition of Manu -- To Think.  Literally, all meditation in the truest sense is done right here in life.  Practice is what the illusion is for down here in the lower six realms.  It's an illusion, or projection of the meditating mind in Sattva.  Literally, you build this world and body from your mind, which is much more powerful in the highest realm.  This world is a shadow, hence, the fact that you are meditating this world from that realm.  Meditation here then shines the light back, but if the reflection does not match, there is no recognition of the Truth.  Life is then lived asleep, or not BUDH.  BUDH means to awaken.  Reflecting the light back into truth with the proper mind (that of compassion for others) and the light then begins to match.  Once the images are meeting face to first face, it is then said that the arrow tip meets arrow tip; image meets image.  Your first face is that of Truth.  Suffering here in amnesia (tamas) is the passion in time (Rajas) that leads you to find.  Seek, Find and Adaptation.  Rise.  Practice for the eventual performance once finding your true mind--Mind is Buddha. 

Posture is your character. 

Now tell me, what is the meaning of the third buffalo?  Domesticated.  Serving the family on the land.  White. 

Define the words in Sanskrit:  Bodhi Sattva.  Bodhi is a tree:  Line, Branch and Fold.  Seeds are Folded first, the Branching, then Line up to the next tree (rebirth). 
« Last Edit: June 18, 2017, 06:56:31 pm by AlwaysDayAfterYesterday »
Time and Space are one.  The day after yesterday is now.  You always have time to forget the past by building the future.  The best way to predict the future is to create it.  When do you begin?  All of time and space for you to grow, develop, cultivate and remake yourself again and again.  Seek, Find and Adaptation.

 


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