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General Buddhism => The Dharma Express => Topic started by: KyleSC on November 05, 2015, 10:35:49 am

Title: Which karmas cause rebirth in hell?
Post by: KyleSC on November 05, 2015, 10:35:49 am
Or even the lower realms of existence.
Title: Re: Which karmas cause rebirth in hell?
Post by: Dharmakara on November 05, 2015, 11:10:07 am
The realm of desire, the realm of form, and the formless realm are not only locations in the Buddhist universe, they are also places of rebirth. Buddhists conceive of a cycle of birth and death, called sarasara (wandering), in six realms of rebirth: those of the gods, demigods, humans, animals, ghosts, and hell beings (although sometimes the realm of demigods is omitted). The entire cycle of rebirth in which the creations and destructions of universes is encompassed has no ultimate beginning. The realms of animals, ghosts, and hell beings are regarded as places of great suffering, whereas the godly realms are abodes of great bliss. Human rebirth falls in between, bringing as it does both pleasure and pain. The engine of samsara is driven by karma, the cause and effect of actions.

Like adherents of other Indian religions, Buddhists believe that every intentional act, whether it be physical, verbal, or mental, leaves a residue. That residue, like a seed, will eventually produce an effect at some point in the future, an effect in the form of pleasure or pain for the person who performed the act. Thus Buddhists conceive of a moral universe in which virtuous deeds create experiences of pleas-ure and nonvirtuous deeds create experiences of pain. These latter are often de-lineated in a list of ten nonvirtuous deeds: killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying, divisive speech, harsh speech, senseless speech, covetousness, harmful intent, and wrong view. Wrong view can mean many things in Buddhist thought, but here refers especially to the belief that actions do not have effects. Buddhist texts provide extensive discussions of the specific deeds that constitute these ten nonvirtues and their respective karmic weight. The ten virtues are the opposites of this list: sustaining life, giving gifts, maintaining sexual decorum, and so on.

These deeds not only determine the quality of a given life but also determine the place of the rebirth after death. Depending on the gravity of a negative deed (killing being more serious than senseless speech and killing a human more serious than killing an insect, for example) one may be reborn as an animal, a ghost, or in one of the hot or cold hells, where the life span is particularly lengthy. Among the hells, some are more horrific than others; the most tortuous is reserved for those who have committed one of five heinous deeds: killing one's father, killing one's mother, killing an arhat, wounding a buddha, and causing dissent in the sangha.

Rebirth as a god or human in the realm of desire is the result of a virtuous deed, and is considered very rare. Rarer still is rebirth as a human who has access to the teachings of the Buddha. In a famous analogy, a single blind tortoise is said to swim in a vast ocean, surfacing for air only once every century. On the surface of the ocean floats a single golden yoke. It is rarer, said the Buddha, to be reborn as a human with the opportunity to practice the dharma than it is for the tortoise to surface for its centennial breath with its head through the hole in the golden yoke. One is said to be reborn as a god in the realm of desire as a result of an act of charity: giving gifts results in future wealth. Rebirth as a human is said to result from consciously refraining from a nonvirtuous deed, as when one takes a vow not to kill humans.

Buddhism in Practice (Abridged Edition)
Donald S. Lopez Jr. / Princeton University Press (2015)

Title: Re: Which karmas cause rebirth in hell?
Post by: dunmatter on November 09, 2015, 09:28:13 pm
dont worry about hell, its mental, please theres a calm underneath all of that that cannot be done, its left undone, its like a stone you hold in your head and heart, still translucid to the reality of underlining peace, which is complete, without need.
Title: Re: Which karmas cause rebirth in hell?
Post by: hendrilei on November 10, 2015, 10:52:59 am
Just think it this way, as a Dhamma path follower, we have rebirth so many kalpa countlessly. And Karma is accinteyya which is unthinkable

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