Author Topic: Āloka  (Read 2210 times)

Offline Dmytro

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Āloka
« on: August 04, 2013, 10:16:44 pm »
Hello Pali friends,

From Critical Pali Dictionary:

āloka, m. [ts.],
1. light, daylight, sunlight, brightness (opp. andhakāra);
2. (esp.) supernatural light produced by, or emanating from Buddhas, saints, gods, etc., or prognosticating or accompanying their birth or nibbāna;
3. (metaph.) the "inner light", insight, true knowledge, enlightenment, illumination; the Buddha's teaching) as the light of the world;
- diṭṭhiobhāsesu ~o, Abh 1043 (dassane obhāse cā ti dvīsv atthesu, Abh-sūci; first meaning not found in texts); obhāso pakāso câlokojjotâtapā samā, Abh 37 (ālokayati etenā ti ~o, Abh-sūci); ~o ti rasmi, ālokenti etena, bhuso passanti, janā; cakkhuviññāṇaṁ vā ti ~o (last meaning not found in texts), Sadd 520,8;

- 1. andhakāra-guhāyaṁ ~o udapādi, D II 269,29 (Sv 705,6 yo pakatiyā guhāya andhakāro, so antarahito, ~jāto); (suriye ogacchante) ~o antaradhāyissati, andhakāro pātubhavissati, etc., A III 407,18-408,21; Anāthapiṇḍikassa ... nagaramhā nikkhantassa ~o antaradhāyi, andhakāro pātur-ahosi, . . . andhakāro antaradhāyi, ~o pāturahosi, Vin II 155,36-156,13 = S I 211,8-212,1 (Spk I 314,1); apavattāya suriya-rasmiyā ~o na hoti, Mil 299,29; andhakāraṁ vā ~aṁ karoti, Vism 390,15; andhakāro ~o kato, Mil 130,19 = 154,16 = 160,20 = 170,11; andhakāro nirujjheyya, ~o pātubhaveyya, 42,16; andhakāraṁ vidhametvā ~aṁ dassetuṁ, 312,10; nivutānaṁ tamo hoti, andhakāro apassataṁ, satañ ca vivataṁ hoti ~o passataṁ iva, Sn 763 = S IV 127,26 (correct Ee after Sn! Spk II 401,20); yathā ~o evaṁ cittaṁ daṭṭhabbaṁ, Mil 299,29; ~o nāma suriyâ~âdi, Vism-mhṭ Se III 157,15 ad ~âdayo, Vism 488,37 (cf. A II 139,26); suriyo ~aṁ dasseti + , Vism 690,20; ~aṁ oloketvā, Spk I 142,15; (in the womb) bahiddhā ~aṁ adisvā, 163,6; udapatto accho + ~e nikkhitto ("set forth in the light"), S V 25,24 = A III 236,5; ~añ ca andhakārañ ca āpajjitvā, Mp II 343,8; (padīpo) ~añ ca vidaṁseti nāseti timiraṁ pi ca, Abhidh-av 132,9 ≠ 22-29; padip'aggi, yassâhaṁ ~ena bhuñjiṁ, Mil 47,23; neka-dīpasahassānaṁ ~ehi, MhvLXXIV 219; cakkhuṁ, rūpā, cakkhu-viññāṇaṁ, ~o, manasikāro as constituents of visual cognition, Kv 126,31; (in long list) . . . chāyā ātāpo ~o andhakāro, Dhs 617; ~o cakkhu-viññaṇassa kicca-viruddho, Vism 543,14 (mhṭ Se III 314,20 avijānanakicco ~o vijānana-kiccassa viññāṇassa); (in connexion with kasiṇa-meditation, cf. āloka-kasiṇa) ~o ~o ti bhāvetabbaṁ, Vism 174,30 = 175,1; ~aṁ iva rūpa-dassana-kāmo, Ps III 260,18 (ad M II 14,31);

- 2. (Dabbo Mallaputto) ye . . . bhikkhū vikāle āgacchanti, tesaṁ pi tejodhātuṁ samāpajjitvā ten'eva ~ena senāsanāni paññāpeti . . . aṅguliyā jālamănāya purato purato gacchati, te pi ten'eva ~ena . . . piṭṭhito gacchanti, Vin II 76,4 = III 159,21; tathāgato . . . lokadhātuṁ obhāsena phareyya, yadā te sattā taṁ (thus read) ~aṁ sañjāneyyuṁ . . ., A I 228,14 (Mp II 343,26 taṁ ~aṁ disvā "esa so puriso idāni ~aṁ katvā ṭhito, aho acchariyapuriso" ti . . .); Mahābrahmā ek'anguliyā ekasmiṁ cakkavāḷa-sahasse' ~aṁ pharati + , Spk I 203,25 = Mp III 25,8; attano sarirobhasen'eva ~aṁ pharitvā viharati, Ps III 274,10 (ad M II 35,12 devā, ye imesaṁ candima-suriyānaṁ ābhā nânubhonti); (thero) kim idaṁ andhakāran ti sattānaṁ ābhoge uppanne ~aṁ dassesi . . . kiṁ ~o ayan ti vicinantānaṁ attānaṁ dassesi, Spk I 222,14 = Paṭis-a 664,32; attano sarīrobhāsena dasa-dvādasa-hatthe ṭhāne ~aṁ karoti, Ud-a 170,17; divasañ ceva rattiñ ca ~o hoti me sadā, Ap 414,25; (nāyako) assāsento bhay'atte te ~aṁ pavidaṁsayi, Mhv I 59 (Ee w. r. °vidhaṁ°, see v. l.; Mhv-ṭ 107,16 ~aṁ pākaṭaṁ akāsi); ~o ca mahā āsi abbhuto lomahaṁsano, Dīp II 26 = XVII 57; yathā nimittā dissanti, ~o sañjāyati . . . Brahma pātubhavissati. Brahmuno etaṁ pubba-nimittaṁ pātubhāvāya yad-idaṁ ~o sañjāyati, D I 220,32 = II 209,16 = 225,22; uttarāya disāya uḷāro ~o sañjāyi, 209,12 = 225,18; tassa parinibbāna-samaye mahā ~o ahosi, Th-a I 167,28; ~o vipulo ahu, Ap 152,2 = 154,2 = 158,17 = 337,12; (suriyassa ca ~aṁ candâ~aṁ . . . Buddhâ~aṁ ca) tayo ~e disvāna;

- 3. pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhuṁ (ñāṇaṁ, paññā, vijjā) ~o udapādi, Vin I 11,3 = D II 33,8 (Sv 460,31 udapādī ti obhās'atthena) = 35,13 = S II 7,10 (Spk II 22,6 paṭivedhan'atthena ~o ti vuttaṁ) = II 9,12 = 105,5 = IV 233,27 = V 179,2 = 258,5 = 422,5 = Paṭis II 148,9—159,15 (Paṭis-a 614,22 obhāsa-kicca-kara-ṇena ~o nāma) = Kv 260,9, expl. Paṭis II 159,19: ~o udapādi obhās'aṭṭhena . . . ~o dhammo, obhās'aṭṭho attho; avijjā vihatā, vijjā uppannā, tamo vihato, ~o uppanno, Vin III 4,33 (Sp 162,1 sa yeva vijjā obhāsa-karaṇ'aṭṭhena ~o ti vuccati) = M I 22,25 (Ps I 126,9) =23,9—27 - 117,18 foll. (not repeated Ee) = A I 164,18 foll. (Ee w. r. vigato; Mp II 262,20) = IV 177,26 = 178,21 = 179,10 (Mp IV 89,1) = It 99,14 (It-a II 137,11, cf. Sp 162,1) = 100,6; (tathāgata likened to sun and moon, S V 442,23 foll.:) . . . yato ca. ... tathāgato loke uppajjati . . . atha mahato ~assa pātubhāvo hoti mahato obhāsassa, 443,10 ≠ A I 22,29 (Mp I 117,15 ~o paññā-obhăsa-sadiso yeva ca ābhāso adhippeto); cattāro ~ā: . . . candâ~o, suriyâ~o agg'~o paññâ~o, A II 139,25; ālokan'aṭṭhena paññā va ~o paññâ~o, Paṭis-a 388,26 ad Paṭis I 119,9; ~aṁ dassayitvāna desetvā amataṁ padaṁ, Bv XX 34 (Bv-a 242,20 magga-ñāṇâ~aṁ dassayitvā); kilese jhāpayitvāna ~aṁ dassayanti te (É”: Buddha), Ap 371,14; uppajjantā ca sambuddhā ~aṁ dassayanti te, 426,18; ~añ ca dassessāmi (dassayissāmi), Dīp XII 32 f., ~aṁ dassesi so jino, XVIII 3; koci ~aṁ dassetā, Paṭis I 127,13 (Paṭis-a 410,1 paññâ~aṁ dassana-sīlo paññâ~-dassetā); cakkhuṁ dhammo + ~o dhammo, ime pañca dhammā dhamma-paṭisambhidāya ārammaṇā c'eva honti gocarā ca, Paṭis II 151,7; ~aṁ vaḍḍheti ("develops insight"), Peṭ 210,19; ~aṁ vaḍḍhetvā dibba-cakkhunā olokento, Ps II 38,17 = 39,34 = 256,2 ≠ Dhp-a I 258,20; dibba-cakkhuṁ nibbattetvā ~aṁ vaḍḍhetvā, Ps II 24,7 = Spk II 235,2; ~am pana vaḍḍhetvā tasmā dibbena cakkhunā, Abhidhav 105,31; ayaṁ saññā ~ā (adj.) hoti vivaṭā parisuddhā pariyodātā, tena vuccati āloka-saññī ti, Vibh 254,15;

- ifc v. agg(i)° (A II 139,26), an° (Mil 296,11), ukkâ° (Ps I 284,29), kathâ° (Spk I 52,9), candâ° (A II 139,26), jātâ° (Vism-mhṭ Se II 280,19), ñāṇâ° (Mil 39,10, Spk I 52,8), dīpâ° (Ap 519,28), dhammakathâ° (Spk I 52,9), paññā-~-sadisa (Mp I 117,15), paññâ° (A II 139,26), parikammâ° (Sv 1007,26), pasādâ° (Spk I 52,9), pīti-° (Spk I 52,9), bahi-° (Mp IV 61,14, Ee two words), Buddha° (Ap 256,18), middha-vinodanâ° (Sv 1007,26), maṇi-° (Ja II 189,26), vijjâ° (Ap 614,15), vijju-° (Ja IV 497,30), sañjātâ° (Ud-a 184,17), sukhâ° (Sadd 39,19), suriyâ° (A II 139,26).

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Metta, Dmytro

 


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